Archive for September, 2011
1. ORIGIN AND SIGNIFICANCE OF SAFFRON.
Saffron consists of the stigma attached or not in the style of the flower of Crocus sativus Lin. It is the species whose global market has been and is led by Spain not only in production but also at export.
Even still unknown origin of the word your name is very similar in different languages ??having survived almost no alteration in Arabic (Zafaran), English (saffron), French (Safrane), Italian (zaferano), Hindu, Greek and so on. Just as the company maintained its idiom, has been maintained over time their way of growing, harvesting, drying and peeling and can be seen in frescoes found dating back to 1600 BC This determines which remains a culture in which labor is a decisive economic factor for production and pricing. Labor involved in the collection of individual flowers of 15 cm from the ground up, and the individual pruning for flower silk attached to the style and separate from other floral elements. Read the rest of this entry »
The ground Should Be perfectly fluffy, moist but not wet Slightly. Soil temperature at the warm Should be carrying out the time of planting, WITH VALUES Between 25 and 35 º C.
The planting depth is important. A variation of 5 cm in an area Exposed to the action of persistent or severe frost Can Affect the physiology of the bulb.
Are Usually plants in rows, With An Extremely dry climate regions Such as Supporting the Which Usually Takes place in the Cultivation of saffron, This method allows a better use of moisture.
The separation entre entre Usually rows is 25 and 30 cm so That There is Sufficient space to seat your feet and allow Between the tasks associated With The crop.
The frame depth is around 12 to 15 Usually cm soil and climate According To Conditions of Each area. The spacing entre Becomes bulbs About 10 cm furrow With Two rows, Separated by About 8-10 cm. Read the rest of this entry »
A response to the global crisis in food prices Address by a representative of Via Campesina, Rome, February 14, 2008 Consumers worldwide have seen the prices of staple foods increase dramatically in recent months, involving living conditions extremely difficult, especially for the poorest communities. During the past year, wheat prices have doubled and corn increased by 50%. However, there is no crisis of production. Statistics show that grain production has never been more important than in 2007 (1). Read the rest of this entry »
After mad cow disease and the spectacular burning of animal as suspects were on the road, the Western world is in check and is still recovering from the blow suffered by the priestly arrogance of the scientific world, so-called “developed “in the field of diversity and balance for human nutrition.
European and American consumers, are increasingly aware that if not quickly change their behavior in how they feed and if you do not change their food and junk food false focused on their burgers and “hot dog” for balanced nutrition more natural and enriched with minerals from the way they are produced, processed and stored in the field, continue to increase very rapidly imbalance related diseases in the immune system: Alzheimer’s disease, obesity and early demineralization in addition to the evils of the heart, Parkinson, as well as decreased IQ in children and adolescents. Read the rest of this entry »
The first reports of this vegetable are located in the Mediterranean and Canary Islands (Vavilov, 1951). Aristotle mentions the chard in the fourth century BC
Chard has been regarded as a staple of human nutrition for a long time.
Its introduction in the United States took place in the year 1806.
2. TAXONOMY AND MORPHOLOGY
-Species: Beta vulgaris L. var. cyclized (L.).
-Floor: Swiss chard is a biennial plant and long cycle root or fruit is not edible.
-Root system: fibrous roots deep enough.
-Sheets: they are the edible and are great for pulling heart-shaped oval, has a petiole or stalk length and width that extends in limbo, the color varies, depending on varieties, strong dark green and light green. The petioles can be cream or white.
-Flowers: to be present flowering need to go through a period of low temperatures. The floral stem reaches an average height of 1.20 m. The inflorescence is composed of a large panicle. The hermaphrodite flowers are sessile and can appear singly or in groups of two or three. The calyx is greenish and consists of 5 sepals and 5 petals.
-Fruit: The seeds are very small and are encased in a small fruit that is commonly called seed (actually a fruit), which contains 3 to 4 seeds. Read the rest of this entry »